Communities face powerful challenges—a high-school dropout epidemic, youth unemployment, teen pregnancy—that require powerful solutions. In a climate of increasingly constrained resources, those solutions must help communities to achieve more with less. A new kind of community collaborative—an approach that aspires to significant community-wide progress by enlisting all sectors to work together toward a common goal—offers enormous promise to bring about broader, more lasting change across the nation.
In December 2010, President Obama created the White House Council for Community Solutions to demonstrate the power of engaging “all citizens, all sectors working together.” The Council decided to look beyond individual programs showing success with limited populations and instead examine communities that are solving problems together and moving the needle in a way that improves results for the whole community.
The Council worked with The Bridgespan Group to identify effective needle-moving collaboratives (those that have achieved at least 10 percent progress in a community-wide metric), understand the keys to success, and recommend ways to drive more collective impact, particularly to address the challenges of disconnected youth. We identified 12 collaboratives, many of which are focused on helping disconnected youth, such as the Milwaukee teen pregnancy prevention initiative, Philadelphia’s Project U-Turn, and the Strive Partnership of Cincinnati and Northern Kentucky, among others, that have made needle-moving progress in their communities. In addition to sharing a commitment for change, we found that these collaboratives had four operating principles in common:
- Commitment to long-term involvement;
- Involvement of key stakeholders across sectors;
- Use of shared data to set agendas and improve results over time;
- Engagement of community members as substantive partners.
Looking deeper, we discovered five core elements that contributed to their success:
- Shared vision and agenda, in which leaders from government, nonprofit, philanthropy, and business develop measureable community-wide goals and a clear roadmap to achieving them;
- Effective leadership and governance, with highly respected leaders at the helm who are viewed as neutral, honest brokers and who attract and retain a diverse group of large and small organizations to guide the collaborative forward;
- Alignment of resources toward what works, where nonprofits, government, philanthropy, and business work together to target efforts and resources toward the most effective approaches and services;
- Dedicated staff capacity and appropriate structure to provide the facilitation, data analyses, and administration needed for success;
- Sufficient funding, which requires funding to maintain staff and invest in the strategic priorities of the collaborative.
This report provides more details about these characteristics and shares short case examples that explore in depth how various collaboratives have achieved collective impact. It also looks at five key resources that could catalyze community collaborative success.
Michele Jolin is a member of the White House Council for Community Solutions and a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress. Paul Schmitz is a member of the White House Council for Community Solutions and CEO of Public Allies. Willa Seldon is a partner at The Bridgespan Group.